Peak Amps vs Cranking Amps (and more)
Buying a jump starter can be confusing. When buying a jump starter, you will find that there is very little consistency among jump starter manufacturers in marking the jumpstarters. Some manufacturers list in their product specifications just peak amps, some cranking amps, cold cranking amps or just “amps”, some mAh and, quite usually, a combination of those. Some even list joules to confuse you even more. What’s the difference? Which one is a better reference and guidance to buying a jump starter for your atv, car, truck or snowmobile?
Here is a little list of definitions to help you know what is what in the world of jump starter terminology.
Peak Amps definition – generally, peak power ratings are there to impress people. Always refer to the cranking amps and cold cranking amps when comparing jumpstarters.
Cranking Amps (CA) definition – refers to the amount of power that a battery can discharge for 30 seconds at 32° F (0° C). It really is the amount of power you need to start your engine on any weather except winter.
Cold Cranking Amps (CCA) definition – refers to the number of amps that a battery can push out for 30 seconds at 0° F without dropping under 7.2 Volts. Remember that a jump starter is basically just another battery supplying power to your car’s battery. It’s more difficult to start an engine during cold weather due to thicker oil and increased movement resistance of internal parts in the engine – that’s why batteries tend to have both the CA and CCA ratings.
mAh – A milliampere hour (mAh) is 1000th of an ampere hour ( Ah ). Both measures are used to describe the energy charge that a battery will hold and how long a device will run before the battery needs recharging.
Joules – you can find a very detailed explanation on Wikipedia here but for the jump starter situation, just forget them
In general, higher cranking amp ratings are better as this would be the actual power to start your battery. A jump starter with at least a 500 CCA rating should be able to start just about any vehicle with a dead battery.
Speaking of peak power ratings, should you have multiple vehicles, you just need one jump starter for all of them. Just make sure that it can start the largest vehicle. No need to worry about overloading the electrical circuits of smaller vehicles because the jumpstarters will only pull in enough power to start your car. When using a jump starter, power will flow into the dead battery and to the starter motor both, that is why it is harder to start a car with a battery that is completely dead, the dead battery will absorb more of the power.
If you suspect that your battery is dead or about to go dead, make sure to get the highest cold cranking amp rating. In case your battery dies, then this kind of jump-starter has the highest chance of reviving the dead battery.